What makes lipstick?
Lipstick for lips – The most common cosmetic product, the sales of which even in the crisis beat all records. But what makes it?
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Text: Anna Houghton
The skin of the lips moisturizes only saliva and a small amount of the sebaceous glands present in them. Sweat glands here is not at all, and therefore the problem of cutting, cracks and temptation is familiar to everyone. This problem successfully solves lipstick, and not only hygienic.
Known to us today lipstick in the form of a pencil – the invention is relatively recent. Only at the end of the XIX century were invented for the convenience of applying to give it exactly such a form, but the composition of it remained more unchanged.
Basis for lipstick
The basis for the manufacture and hygienic, and decorative lipstick is the same – this is a wax of natural origin, bee or all kinds of vegetable, for example, from the Brazilian palm of carnauba or the Mexican plant of Candellel. He not only gives lipstick to the familiar consistency, but also cares for the skin of the lips, nourishes it, protects against moisture loss and helps to heal cracks.
In addition to wax, the lipstick for lips includes vegetable oils. The worst distribution has acquired castor oil, due to its caring properties, oxidation resistance, as well as low cost. Less frequently in the lipsticks are used coconut oil and Shi (Carite), which are also excellent nutrients, have regenerating and integer near other useful properties.
Often lipsticks make from paraffin and vaseline. These products of oil refining should noticeably reduce production, but do not have such a positive and caring effect on the skin, like natural oils.
Perhaps only hygienic lipstick can do without dyes, although we often add a weak shade, almost imperceptible on the lips. Decorative lipstick necessarily contains dyes allowed for use in the food industry. They can be natural or artificial – this parameter for lipstick does not affect. Historically, the first dye for lipstick was a carmine extracted from the bond of insects insects. Carmine can give various shades of red gamma, depending on the acidity of the medium.
Modern lipstick is obliged to possess a careful effect, so, in addition to basic oils and waxes, it may contain quite a few active substances.
In order for the lipstick to go smoothly, there are often film consumers in its composition, such as food polyethylene, polymers also allow lipstick longer to maintain their properties on the lips and not emit after the first eating. To prevent breakfast and longer preservation of useful properties in lipstick for lips, antioxidants and preservatives.
The composition of lipsticks for lips includes fragrances and flavors. They can also be like natural (for example, essential oils of plants) and artificial. They are added so that the fragrance of lipstick is pleasant when applied.